Civil and Environmental Engineering Department Seminar: Recent Advances in Infrastructure and Geosystems Resiliency empowered by Autonomy
Seminar | April 29 | 10-11 a.m. | 542 Davis Hall
Autonomy has the capacity to revolutionize the way we protect the natural environment and how we design, build and monitor infrastructure and geo-systems. Advances in data sensing and analysis, artificial intelligence, and robotics pave new avenues for full-scale, system-level infrastructure monitoring and operation. Unmanned aerial vehicles (UAV) equipped with optical sensors are already increasingly popular among practitioners and researchers alike and are used primarily for visual assessment of infrastructure condition. Multi-sensor-equipped UAV bring mobility in sensing and an opportunity to formulate spatially-distributed, data-driven frameworks for characterization and monitoring of geo-systems, such as infrastructure reconnaissance following natural disasters, the contribution of infrastructure and human activities to climate change, and the time-dependent climate-infrastructure-people interactions. Besides their unprecedented sensing capabilities, UAV have untapped computational capabilities as well. These capabilities may allow for on-board flight control based on fusion of infrastructure data and lead to improved decision making on how we enhance the resiliency and sustainability of the built and natural environment. In this presentation, recent and ongoing UAV and big-data -empowered research efforts with specific examples on post-disaster reconnaissance, landslide susceptibility, and subsurface characterization will be presented, outlining new avenues for assessing performance and resiliency of geo-systems. Emerging research directions enabled by ongoing work will also be discussed.