Seminar 217, Risk Management: Characteristics of Mutual Fund Portfolios: Where Are the Value Funds?
Seminar: Risk Seminar | September 17 | 11 a.m.-12:30 p.m. | 1011 Evans Hall
Speaker: Martin Lettau, UC Berkeley
ABSTRACT: This paper provides a comprehensive analysis of portfolios of active mutual funds, ETFs and hedge funds through the lens of risk (anomaly) factors. We show that that these funds do not systematically tilt their portfolios towards profitable factors, such as high book-to-market (BM) ratios, high momentum, small size, high profitability and low investment growth. Strikingly, there are almost no high-BM funds in our sample while there are many low-BM growth funds. Portfolios of growth funds are concentrated in low BM-stocks but value funds hold stocks across the entire BM spectrum. In fact, most value funds hold a higher proportion of their portfolios in low-BM (growth) stocks than in high-BM (value) stocks. While there are some micro/small/mid-cap funds, the vast majority of mutual funds hold very large stocks. But the distributions of mutual fund momentum, profitability and investment growth are concentrated around market average with little variation across funds. The characteristics distributions of ETFs and hedge funds do not differ significantly from the those of mutual funds. We conclude that the characteristics of mutual fund portfolios raises a number of questions about why funds do not exploit well-known return premia and how their portfolio choices affects asset prices in equilibrium.