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Spring 2015

Friday, January 16, 2015

Genomics and the Brain Symposium

Conference/Symposium: Featured | January 16 | 9 a.m.-5 p.m. | 245 Li Ka Shing Center


Megan Dennis, Senior Fellow, Department of Genome Sciences, University of Washington; Jennifer Erwin, Postdoctoral Fellow, Salk Institute; Daniel Geschwind, Gordon and Virginia Macdonald Distinguished Professor, UCLA; Michael Kobor, Associate Professor, University of British Columbia; Anna Kukekova, Assistant Professor, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign; Matthew State, Oberndorf Family Distinguished Professor of Psychiatry, UCSF

Center for Computational Biology, Berkeley Genomics Training Grant, Neuroscience Institute, Helen Wills , QB3 - California Institute for Quantitative Biosciences


Fourth annual Genomics and Computational Biology Symposium, a one-day symposium covering genome-wide association studies of neuropsychiatric disease; role of epigenetics in brain development; genetics of behavioral domestication in foxes; transposon activity in the nervous system; and genomic copy number changes between great apes and humans that relate to brain development.

Thursday, January 22, 2015

Genetic and neural control of sexually dimorphic behaviors

Seminar: Related Seminars (Non-CCB) | January 22 | 4-5 p.m. | 125 Li Ka Shing Center


Nirao Shah, University of California, San Francisco, Department of Anatomy

Department of Molecular and Cell Biology


This seminar is partially sponsored by NIH



Statistics and Genomics Seminar

Seminar | January 22 | 4-5 p.m. | 1011 Evans Hall


Peng Ding, Department of Statistics, Harvard University

Department of Statistics

Monday, January 26, 2015

BiGCB Seminar Series: Title to be announced

Seminar: Related Seminars (Non-CCB) | January 26 | 4-5 p.m. | 2040 Valley Life Sciences Building


Giovanni Rapacciuolo, Postdoc, Berkeley Initiative in Global Change Biology

Berkeley Initiative in Global Change Biology


Fall 2014 - Spring 2015 Berkeley Initiative in Global Change Biology Seminar Series:
Biological responses to environmental change: using past and present dynamics to predict future responses.

Tuesday, January 27, 2015

Decoding Mosquito Attraction to Humans

Seminar: Related Seminars (Non-CCB) | January 27 | 12:30-1:30 p.m. | 101 Life Sciences Addition


**Conor McMeniman**, The Rockefeller University, Laboratory of Neurogenetics and Behavior

Department of Molecular and Cell Biology

Wednesday, January 28, 2015

BioE Seminar: “Single-cell analysis with RNA sequencing, quantitative imaging, and microfluidics”

Seminar: Related Seminars (Non-CCB) | January 28 | 12-1 p.m. | 390 Hearst Memorial Mining Building


Aaron Streets, Peking University

Bioengineering (BioE)


Spring 2015 Seminar Series

Wednesday, January 28
12noon - 1:00pm
390 Hearst Memorial Mining Building (please note new room location)

“Single-cell analysis with RNA sequencing, quantitative imaging, and microfluidics”

Aaron Streets
Postdoctoral Research Scholar
Peking University

Single-cell analysis enables measurement of biological variation in heterogeneous cellular populations...   More >



Dissecting cancer metastasis through the analysis of circulating tumor cells

Seminar: Related Seminars (Non-CCB) | January 28 | 4-5 p.m. | 125 Li Ka Shing Center


**Nicola Aceto**, Harvard Medical School and Massachusetts General Hospital Cancer Center

Department of Molecular and Cell Biology

Thursday, January 29, 2015

Computational Biology Seminar: Dr. Chris Cotsapas, "Combining Genetics and Genomics to Gain Biological Insights"

Seminar | January 29 | 1-2 p.m. | 177 Stanley Hall | Canceled


Dr. Chris Cotsapas, Department of Neurology, Yale School of Medicine

Center for Computational Biology


As genetic and genomic studies become routine, new approaches are required to wrest biological insights from these data. These approaches must address the multifactorial nature of complex traits, the gene regulatory effects likely driving much of that architecture, and recognize that mechanisms can be used in multiple cell types across many contexts.



Mathematics Department Colloquium: Gene Regulation in Space and Time

Colloquium: Related Seminars (Non-CCB) | January 29 | 4:10-5 p.m. | 60 Evans Hall


Caroline Uhler, Institute of Science and Technology, Austria

Department of Mathematics


Although the genetic information in each cell within an organism is identical, gene expression varies widely between different cell types. The quest to understand this phenomenon has led to many interesting mathematics problems. First, I will present a new method for learning gene regulatory networks. It overcomes the limitations of existing algorithms for learning directed graphs and is based on...   More >

Tuesday, February 3, 2015

Kenneth S. Pitzer Memorial lecture: Molecular Pumps and Motors in Biology

Seminar: Related Seminars (Non-CCB) | February 3 | 4-5 p.m. |  Pitzer Auditorium, 120 Latimer Hall


Professor Gerhard Hummer, Department of Theorectical Biophysics, Max Planck Institute of Biophysics

Department of Chemistry


Coffee and Refreshments served at the "Coffee Lab" B38 Hildebrand - available @ 3:50pm

Wednesday, February 4, 2015

MVZ Seminar: Eske Willerslev, "What we can learn from ancient genetics and genomics"

Seminar: Related Seminars (Non-CCB) | February 4 | 12-1 p.m. | 3101 Valley Life Sciences Building


Eske Willerslev, Miller Visiting Professor at UCB, University of Copenhagen

Museum of Vertebrate Zoology


MVZ Lunch is a graduate level seminar series based on current and recent vertebrate research. Professors, graduate students, staff and visiting researchers present on current and past research projects.



Cancer metabolism: More than just proliferation

Seminar: Related Seminars (Non-CCB) | February 4 | 4-5 p.m. | 101 Life Sciences Addition | Note change in location


**Yoav Shaul**, Whitehead Institute for Biomedical Research

Department of Molecular and Cell Biology

Tuesday, February 10, 2015

Computational Biology Seminar: Dr. John Novembre

Seminar | February 10 | 4-5 p.m. | 125 Li Ka Shing Center


Dr. John Novembre, University of Chicago

Center for Computational Biology


New lenses on human genetic variation: Tools for interpreting population structure

As humans first spread out across the globe and dispersed locally afterwards, genetic drift has been continually acting and has led to subtle levels of spatial structuring in genetic similarity. These patterns of population structure give perspective on human origins, shed light on evolutionary processes that...   More >

Wednesday, February 11, 2015

MVZ Seminar: Kristen Ruegg, "High-resolution molecular tags for mapping migration in a songbird"

Seminar: Related Seminars (Non-CCB) | February 11 | 12-1 p.m. | 3101 Valley Life Sciences Building


Kristen Ruegg, Research Biologist, Dept. of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology, UC Santa Cruz

Museum of Vertebrate Zoology


MVZ Lunch is a graduate level seminar series based on current and recent vertebrate research. Professors, graduate students, staff and visiting researchers present on current and past research projects.



Leonardo Art Science Evening Rendezvous: Quantum Biology,Non-philosophy, Elusive Chemistry, Art

Lecture: Related Seminars (Non-CCB) | February 11 | 7-9 p.m. | 380 Soda Hall


Birgitta Whaley, Berkeley Quantum Information and Computation Center; Tami Spector, USF Chemistry

Electrical Engineering and Computer Sciences (EECS)


Birgitta Whaley (Berkeley Quantum Information and Computation Center) on "What role does Quantum Mechanics play in Biology?

Jonathon Keats (Philosopher) on "A Dilettante's Guide to the Universe"

Tami Spector (USF) on "The Molecular Elusive"

Amanda Hughen (Visual Artist) on "Consumerism and cellular transformation"

Thursday, February 12, 2015

Wednesday, February 18, 2015

People, Data and Analysis

Lecture: Related Seminars (Non-CCB) | February 18 | 12-1 p.m. | Sutardja Dai Hall, 310, Banatao Auditorium


Pat Hanrahan, Computer Graphics Laboratory, Stanford University

CITRIS (Ctr for Info Technology Research in the Interest of Society)


Live broadcast at http://video.citris.berkeley.edu/playlists/webcast. Ask questions live on Twitter: #CITRISRE. All talks may be viewed on our YouTube channel

The schedule for the semester can be found on the


Free

registration required for lunch at UC Berkeley. Register online.



BioE Seminar: “Inverse size scaling of the nucleolus by a concentration-dependent phase transition”

Seminar: Related Seminars (Non-CCB) | February 18 | 12-1 p.m. | 390 Hearst Memorial Mining Building


Stephanie C. Weber, Princeton University

Bioengineering (BioE)


Spring 2015 Seminar Series

Wednesday, February 18
12noon - 1:00pm
390 Hearst Memorial Mining Building (please note new room location)

“Inverse size scaling of the nucleolus by a concentration-dependent phase transition”

Stephanie C. Weber
Postdoctoral Fellow
Princeton University

Cells exhibit a remarkable degree of spatial organization. In addition to classic membrane-bound...   More >

Tuesday, February 24, 2015

Single Molecule Imaging in Live Cells to Probe Nuclear Organization and Gene Regulation: Life Sciences Division Seminar, Berkeley Lab

Seminar: Related Seminars (Non-CCB) | February 24 | 4-5 p.m. | Life Sciences Division, Berkeley Lab at Potter Street, Room 141


717 Potter Street, Berkeley, CA 94710

Xavier Darzacq, Ph.D., University of California, Berkeley

Life Sciences Division, Berkeley Lab (LBNL)


Single Molecule Imaging in Live Cells to Probe Nuclear Organization and Gene Regulation


Please sign in at the security desk upon arrival and obtain a parking pass at this desk. Make reservations by February 23 by calling Matisse Roach at 510-486-6050, or by emailing Matisse Roach at mroach@lbl.gov.

Wednesday, February 25, 2015

"Inactivation of Plant-derived Therapeutics by the Gut Microbiome" Peter Turnbaugh: Plant and Microbial Biology Seminar

Seminar: Related Seminars (Non-CCB) | February 25 | 12-1 p.m. | 101 Barker Hall


Peter Turnbaugh, Researcher, FAS Center for Systems Biology

Department of Plant and Microbial Biology


Faculty, Friends of the University, General Public, Staff, Students - Graduate, Students - Prospective, Students - Undergraduate

All Audiences



MVZ Seminar: Mark Springer "DNA from the Crypt: Dead Genes Tell Tales of Tooth Loss in Edentulous Vertebrates"

Seminar: Related Seminars (Non-CCB) | February 25 | 12-1 p.m. | 3101 Valley Life Sciences Building


Mark Springer, Professor, Dept. of Biology, UC Riverside

Museum of Vertebrate Zoology


MVZ Lunch is a graduate level seminar series based on current and recent vertebrate research. Professors, graduate students, staff and visiting researchers present on current and past research projects.



Neyman Seminar: Algorithmic design via efficient data representations

Seminar: Related Seminars (Non-CCB) | February 25 | 1-2 p.m. | 1011 Evans Hall


Alexandr Andoni, Simons Institute for the Theory of Computing, UC Berkeley

Department of Statistics


The growing size and dimension of data demands new algorithmic design frameworks. In this talk, I describe how such frameworks emerge from the methods of efficient data representations, such as dimension reduction but also more novel ones.

The first illustration is the Nearest Neighbor Search (NNS) problem, which is of key importance for statistical classification and many other areas. Its...   More >

Friday, February 27, 2015

Microfluidic System for Simultaneous Analyses of RNA and DNA in Single Cells: Nano Seminar Series

Seminar: Related Seminars (Non-CCB) | February 27 | 2-3 p.m. | 390 Hearst Memorial Mining Building


Prof. Hirofumi Shintaku, Kyoto University, Micro Engineering

Berkeley Nanosciences and Nanoengineering Institute


Single cell analyses have become powerful tools in the study of heterogeneous cell populations such as tumors and developing embryos. Isolation of RNA and DNA from the same single cell is crucial to create an opportunity for correlating mutation with gene expression at the single cell level.

However, it still remains challenging as RNA and DNA samples potentially cross-contaminate each other...   More >

Monday, March 2, 2015

Simons Institute Open Lecture: Deciphering the Good-Turing Enigma: Estimating Probabilities of Unlikely and Unseen Events

Lecture: Related Seminars (Non-CCB) | March 2 | 4 p.m. | Sutardja Dai Hall, Banatao Auditorium


Alon Orlitsky

Simons Institute for the Theory of Computing


The first in the spring series of Simons Institute Open Lectures. The Open Lectures are intended for a broad scientific audience.

Light refreshments will be served before the lecture at 3:30 p.m.

Tuesday, March 3, 2015

Life inside the cell: STORM, CRISPR and Imagenomics

Seminar: Related Seminars (Non-CCB) | March 3 | 4-5 p.m. |  Pitzer Auditorium, 120 Latimer Hall


Professor Bo Huang, Depts of Pharmaceutical Chemistry, Biochemistry & Biophysics, University of California, San Francisco

Department of Chemistry


Coffee and Refreshments served at the "Coffee Lab" B38 Hildebrand - available @ 3:50pm

Thursday, March 5, 2015

Tuesday, March 10, 2015

Rule of engagement: molecular insights from host-pathogen arms races

Seminar: Related Seminars (Non-CCB) | March 10 | 12:30-1:30 p.m. | 101 Life Sciences Addition


**Matthew Daugherty**, Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center

Department of Molecular and Cell Biology



Transcription of the Genome: From Molecules to Systems: Life Sciences Division Seminar, Berkeley Lab

Seminar: Related Seminars (Non-CCB) | March 10 | 4-5 p.m. | Life Sciences Division, Berkeley Lab at Potter Street, Room 141


717 Potter Street, Berkeley, CA 94710

Patrick Cramer, Ph.D., Max Planck Institute for Biophysical Chemistry

Life Sciences Division, Berkeley Lab (LBNL)


Please sign in at the security desk upon arrival and obtain a parking pass at this desk. RSVP by March 9 by calling Matisse Roach at 510-486-6050, or by emailing Matisse Roach at mroach@lbl.gov.

Wednesday, March 11, 2015

Transcriptional mechanisms for autophagy regulation and metabolic reprogramming in pancreatic cancer

Seminar: Related Seminars (Non-CCB) | March 11 | 4-5 p.m. | 101 Life Sciences Addition | Note change in location


**Rushika Perera**, Harvard Medical School and Massachusetts General Hospital Cancer Center

Department of Molecular and Cell Biology

Wednesday, March 18, 2015

"Evolution of Plant Natural Product Biosynthesis from Primary Metabolism: On Shikimate and Quinate Metabolism": Juergen Ehlting, University of Victoria: Plant and Microbial Biology Seminar

Seminar: Related Seminars (Non-CCB) | March 18 | 12-1 p.m. | 101 Barker Hall


Juergen Ehlting, Assistant Professor, University of Victoria

Department of Plant and Microbial Biology


Functional genomics of plant natural product biosynthesis; shikimate and phenylpropanoid pathways; wood formation
Plants synthesize a vast array of diverse secondary compounds or natural products that serve pivotal adaptive functions including protection against pests, attractants for pollinators, antagonists to other plants, structural components, and signaling molecules However, the vast...   More >


Faculty, Friends of the University, General Public, Staff, Students - Graduate, Students - Prospective, Students - Undergraduate

All Audiences



Lost in Translation: Hematopoietic stem cells require a highly regulated rate of protein synthesis

Seminar: Related Seminars (Non-CCB) | March 18 | 4-5 p.m. | 101 Life Sciences Addition | Note change in location


**Robert Signer**, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center

Department of Molecular and Cell Biology

Thursday, March 26, 2015

Monday, March 30, 2015

Making Movement: A genetic, cellular, and neural circuit basis for mammalian motor behavior

Seminar: Related Seminars (Non-CCB) | March 30 | 12-1 p.m. | 125 Li Ka Shing Center


**Ariel Levine**, The Salk Institute for Biological Studies

Department of Molecular and Cell Biology



Student Hosted Seminar in Structural and Quantitative Biology: Machines of Protein Destruction

Seminar: Related Seminars (Non-CCB) | March 30 | 4-5 p.m. | 120 Latimer Hall | Note change in location


Professor Robert T. Sauer, Department of Biology, Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Department of Chemistry


Coffee & Refreshments served on lower level Stanley Hall @3:50pm-4:10pm

Wednesday, April 1, 2015

MVZ Seminar: John Harte, "Integrating Macroecology and Taxonomic Trees"

Seminar: Related Seminars (Non-CCB) | April 1 | 12-1 p.m. | 3101 Valley Life Sciences Building


John Harte, Professor, Dept. of Environmental Science Policy and Management, UC Berkeley

Museum of Vertebrate Zoology


MVZ Lunch is a graduate level seminar series based on current and recent vertebrate research. Professors, graduate students, staff and visiting researchers present on current and past research projects.



Neyman Seminar: Simulated Likelihood Estimators for Discretely Observed Jump-Diffusions

Seminar: Related Seminars (Non-CCB) | April 1 | 1-2 p.m. | 1011 Evans Hall


Kay Giesecke, Department of Management Science and Engineering, Stanford University

Department of Statistics


Continuous-time jump-diffusion models are widely used in finance and economics. They describe the time-series behavior of asset prices, interest and foreign exchange rates, commodity and energy prices, default rates, and other quantities. This paper addresses the parameter inference problem for a jump-diffusion observed at fixed time intervals that need not be short. We develop an unbiased Monte...   More >



In vivo genetic modeling and screening in cancer using CRISPR/Cas9-mediated genome editing

Seminar: Related Seminars (Non-CCB) | April 1 | 4-5 p.m. | 101 Life Sciences Addition | Note change in location


**Sidi Chen**, Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Department of Molecular and Cell Biology



2015 Faculty Research Lectures-Montgomery Slatkin

Lecture: Related Seminars (Non-CCB) | April 1 | 4-5 p.m. | International House, Chevron Auditorium


Montgomery Slatkin

Academic Senate


102nd Annual Martin Meyerson Faculty Research Lectures

Montgomery Slatkin, Professor of Integrative Biology, presenting "Population Genetics of the Neanderthal Genome Project" on April 1, 2015.


Alumni, Faculty, Friends of the University, General Public, Staff, Students - Graduate, Students - Prospective, Students - Undergraduate, Cal Parents

All Audiences

Tuesday, April 7, 2015

Kinetics of DNA Damage Recognition: Tracking DNA Repair Enzymes at the Single Molecule Level: Life Sciences Division Seminar, Berkeley Lab

Seminar: Related Seminars (Non-CCB) | April 7 | 4-5 p.m. | Life Sciences Division, Berkeley Lab at Potter Street, Room 141


717 Potter Street, Berkeley, CA 94710

Bennett Van Houten, Ph.D., University of Pittsburgh

Life Sciences Division, Berkeley Lab (LBNL)


Please sign in at the security desk upon arrival and obtain a parking pass at this desk. RSVP by April 6 by calling Matisse Roach at 510-486-6050, or by emailing Matisse Roach at mroach@lbl.gov.



Revisiting and Repurposing the Double Helix

Seminar: Related Seminars (Non-CCB) | April 7 | 4-5 p.m. |  Pitzer Auditorium, 120 Latimer Hall


Professor Taekjip Ha, Department of Physics, University of Illinois

Department of Chemistry


Coffee and Refreshments served at the "Coffee Lab" B38 Hildebrand - available @ 3:50pm



Center for Computational Biology Seminar: Dr. Chris Cotsapas, "Combining Genetics and Genomics to Gain Biological Insights"

Seminar | April 7 | 4-5 p.m. | 125 Li Ka Shing Center


Dr. Chris Cotsapas, Department of Neurology, Yale School of Medicine

Center for Computational Biology


As genetic and genomic studies become routine, new approaches are required to wrest biological insights from these data. These approaches must address the multifactorial nature of complex traits, the gene regulatory effects likely driving much of that architecture, and recognize that mechanisms can be used in multiple cell types across many contexts.

Wednesday, April 8, 2015

"Accessing the Genomes of the Uncultivated Organisms, One Cell at a Time" - note corrected title: Plant and Microbial Biology

Seminar: Related Seminars (Non-CCB) | April 8 | 12-1 p.m. | 101 Barker Hall


Tanja Woyke, Microbial Genomics Program Lead, Dept. of Energy Joint Genome Institute

Department of Plant and Microbial Biology


After studying the mechanism of action of antifungal natural products and their derivatives during her Ph.D. in Microbiology at the Eberhard Karls University of Tübingen (Germany), Dr. Woyke pursued her postdoctoral research at the JGI in 2004. The main object of her research was the symbiont community of a gutless oligochaete for which she deciphered function and host-symbiont interplay using...   More >


Faculty, Friends of the University, General Public, Staff, Students - Graduate, Students - Prospective, Students - Undergraduate

All Audiences



Investigation of long non-coding RNAs in tumorigenesis

Seminar: Related Seminars (Non-CCB) | April 8 | 2-3 p.m. | 159 Mulford Hall | Note change in time and location


**Nadya Dimitrova••, Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Department of Molecular and Cell Biology



2015 Faculty Research Lectures-Jennifer Doudna

Lecture: Related Seminars (Non-CCB) | April 8 | 4-5 p.m. | International House, Chevron Auditorium


Jennifer Doudna

Academic Senate


102nd Annual Martin Meyerson Faculty Research Lectures

Jennifer Doudna, Professor of Chemistry, Biochemistry & Molecular Biology, and Li Ka Shing Chancellor's Professor in Biomedical & Health Sciences, presenting "The Biology of CRISPRs: From Genome Defense to Genomic Engineering" on April 8, 2015.


Alumni, Faculty, Friends of the University, General Public, Staff, Students - Graduate, Students - Prospective, Students - Undergraduate, Cal Parents

All Audiences

Tuesday, April 14, 2015

Mechanisms for the Maintenance of Genome Stability: Life Sciences Division Seminar, Berkeley Lab

Seminar: Related Seminars (Non-CCB) | April 14 | 4-5 p.m. | Life Sciences Division, Berkeley Lab at Potter Street, Room 141


717 Potter Street, Berkeley, CA 94710

Karlene Cimprich, PhD, Stanford Medical School

Life Sciences Division, Berkeley Lab (LBNL)


Please sign in at the security desk upon arrival and obtain a parking pass at this desk. RSVP by April 13 by calling Matisse Roach at 510-486-6050, or by emailing Matisse Roach at mroach@lbl.gov.

Wednesday, April 15, 2015

BioE Seminar: “Molecular regulation of muscle stem cell function”

Seminar: Related Seminars (Non-CCB) | April 15 | 12-1 p.m. | 390 Hearst Memorial Mining Building


Michael Rudnicki, Ottawa Hospital Research Institute

Bioengineering (BioE)


Spring 2015 Seminar Series

Wednesday, April 15
12noon - 1:00pm
390 Hearst Memorial Mining Building
please note new room location

“Molecular regulation of muscle stem cell function”

Michael Rudnicki
Senior Scientist, Ottawa Health Research Institute
Director, Program in Regenerative Medicine, Ottawa Hospital Research Institute
Professor, Department of Medicine, University of...   More >



Special Seminar: Gender Biases in Student Evaluations of Teachers

Seminar: Related Seminars (Non-CCB) | April 15 | 4-5 p.m. | 1011 Evans Hall


Anne Boring, OFCE-PRESAGE-Sciences Po, and LEDa-DIAL (France)

Department of Statistics


I use a unique database from a French university to analyze gender biases in student evaluations of teachers (SETs). The results of generalized ordered logit regressions suggest that male teachers tend to receive higher SET scores because of students’ gender biases. Male students in particular express a strong bias in their favor: male students are approximately 30% more likely to give an...   More >

Wednesday, April 22, 2015

Probability Seminar: The frog model on trees

Seminar | April 22 | 3:10-4 p.m. | 1011 Evans Hall


Matthew Junge, University of Washington

Department of Statistics


On a d-ary tree place some number (random or otherwise) of sleeping frogs at each site, as well as one awake frog at the root. Awake frogs perform simple random walk and wake any "sleepers" they encounter. A longstanding open problem: Does every frog wake up? It turns out this depends on d and the amount of frogs. The proof uses two different recursions and two different versions of stochastic...   More >

Thursday, April 23, 2015

Tuesday, April 28, 2015

Center for Computational Biology Seminar: Dr. Erick Matsen, "Learning how antibodies are drafted and revised"

Seminar | April 28 | 4-5 p.m. | UC Berkeley Campus, 125 Li Ka Shing Center


Erick Matsen, Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center Medical Center

Center for Computational Biology


Learning how antibodies are drafted and revised

Antibodies must recognize a great diversity of antigens to protect us from infectious disease. The binding properties of antibodies are determined by the sequences of their corresponding B cell receptors (BCRs). These BCR sequences are created in "draft" form by VDJ recombination, which randomly selects and deletes from the ends of V, D, and J...   More >