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Del Chiaro Lecture 2013 poster

Castrum Inui Rediscovered - A 6th Century BC Sanctuary Near Ardea in Latium: Second Annual Mario Del Chiaro Lecture

Lecture: Other UCB Archaeology | April 2 | 5:30-7 p.m. | Alumni House, Toll Room

Mario Torelli, Professor, University of Perugia

Department of History of Art

One of the major discoveries of the last decade in the field of archaic Italy is the site of the long-sought Castrum Inui, a minor settlement of old Latium on the coast of Ardea mentioned by Vergil in Aeneas’ nekyia (6.775). The site takes the name from an obscure divinity of Ardea, Inuus, and has the appearance of a castrum, inside of which there is the sanctuary of Inuus with three temples, all exceptionally well preserved. The oldest of these buildings, Temple B, an oikos founded c.a 540 BC, was completely rebuilt in 480-70 BC as a formal temple on a high podium with a lavish architectural decoration in terracotta; Temple A, also on a high podium, was created in front of Temple B in the first half of the 2nd century BC and shows a sculptured fictile pediment, while Temple C, built in the Augustan age, was dedicated to Aesculapius. In the 4th century BC two altars of the typical Etruscan and Latin form were built in front of Temple B and their orientations allow us to identify the site as the place where Dionysius of Halicarnassus (1.55.1-2) saw the altars founded by Aeneas when he first landed in Latium. The literary and religious evidence brings us to identify god Inuus with the local version of the god venerated in Lavinium under the name of Indiges, subsequently assimilated with the deified Aeneas (Dion.Hal. 1.64.5).