Legacies of War and Civil Society in Post-Conflict Settings

Colloquium | February 27 | 12:30-2 p.m. | 223 Moses Hall

 Justine Davis, PhD Candidate, Department of Political Science, UC Berkeley

 Center for African Studies

How does civil war shape post-conflict democratization? More specifically, how does living under rebel control during civil war affect local non-governmental organization (NGO) leaders’ attitudes and behaviors regarding the distribution of resources to citizens? I develop a theory in which the takeover of territory and the establishment of institutions by rebels during civil war evokes disruptions in governance for leaders of local organizations. Living in uncertainty and fear subsequently affects the long-term behaviors towards citizens and attitudes towards the state of local NGO leaders. I test this theory by leveraging the geographic distribution of rebel governance in Côte d’Ivoire, using surveys, dictator games, participant observation, and interviews. I find that NGO leaders who lived under rebel control are less altruistic and more discriminating against the out-group than their counterparts working in former-government-controlled areas in Cote d’Ivoire. These findings have ramifications for the impact of civil war on key decision-makers, NGO leaders, and their ability to contribute to development, democracy, and peace in post-conflict settings.

Justine M. Davis is a PhD Candidate in Political Science at the University of California, Berkeley, with a focus on comparative politics and political behavior in Sub-Saharan Africa. She is a Ford Foundation Pre-Doctoral Fellow as well as an American Political Science Association Minority Fellow. She holds an M.A. in International Affairs, Conflict Resolution and Civil Society Development from the American University of Paris and the Université de Paris 1 Panthéon-Sorbonne and a B.A. in International Studies from Elon University. Prior to pursuing a PhD, Justine was a Fulbright-Clinton Public Policy Fellow in Côte d’Ivoire and worked at the OECD Sahel and West Africa Club in Paris.

 BERKELEY, CA 94720, asc@berkeley.edu