Solid State Technology and Devices Seminar: Structured Light-Matter Interactions in Engineered Photonic Media
Seminar | November 22 | 1-2 p.m. | Cory Hall, The Hogan Room, 521
Natalia M. Litchinitser, Professor, Duke University
Structured light and structured matter are two fascinating branches of modern optics that recently started having a significant impact on each other. The synergy of complex beams, such as the beams carrying an orbital angular momentum (OAM), with nanostructured engineered media is likely to bring new dimensions to the science and applications of structured light, ranging from fundamentally new regimes of spin-orbit interaction to novel ways of information encoding for the future optical communication systems. We will discuss fundamental optical phenomena at the interface of singular and nonlinear optics in engineered optical media and show that the unique optical properties of optical nanostructures open unlimited prospects to engineer light itself. For example, by exploiting the emerging non-Hermitian photonics design at an exceptional point, we demonstrate a microring laser generating a single-mode OAM vortex lasing with the ability to precisely define the topological charge of the OAM mode. We show that the polarization associated with OAM lasing can be further manipulated on demand, creating a radially polarized vortex emission. Our OAM microlaser could find applications in the next generation of integrated optoelectronic devices for optical communications. Next, we discuss our recent experimental studies of nonlinear structured light propagation and necklace beam formation in soft-matter media, such as colloidal suspensions, that offer a promising platform for engineering polarizabilities as well as large and tunable nonlinearities. These results may be of interest for imaging and spectroscopic applications using light propagating in highly scattering biological and chemical media. Finally, we discuss other on-going projects and research directions in our group, including nonlinear topological photonics.
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