Foreign student emigration to the United States: pathways of entry, demographic antecedents, and origin-country contexts: A Brown Bag Talk
Colloquium | May 1 | 12-1 p.m. | 2232 Piedmont, Seminar Room
Kevin Thomas, Professor, Sociology, Demography, African Studies, Penn State University
In this study, we use information from a uniquely developed database to examine recent trends in international student migration to the United States. Our results highlight the differential contributions to these trends made by various entry pathways. For example, we find that the overall growth was mostly driven by students using visas that offer the least possibility of U.S. employment immediately following the completion of their studies. We also find that the overall trends were significantly affected by global demographic changes. Increases in student migration from Europe would have been faster had there been no decline in its fertility trends, percentage of youths, and youth population size. Contrasting demographic realities in Asia and Africa accounted for substantial proportions of the increases from these regions. The results also indicate that the effects of changes in youth population size and fertility trends were moderated by changes in income. Finally, the analysis points to a declining significance of English language contexts in fueling international student migration to the United States. In the last two decades, the growth in student migration from non-English language contexts was about three times faster than that for flows originating from English-dominant countries.
Faculty, Students - Graduate, Students - Undergraduate