Conference/Symposium: Other Cal Archaeology | September 20 | 5-7 p.m. | 254 Barrows Hall
Alexander Schütze, University of Munich; Melanie Flossmann-Schȕtze, University of Munich; Andrzej Niwinski, University of Warsaw
5:00 Alexander Schütze (Munich University) Statues, Stelae and Private Legal Documents: The Agency of Things in the Petition of Peteese (P. Rylands 9)
P. Rylands 9 contains the lengthy petition of a scribe of the temple of Amun at el-Hibe dating to the early reign of Dareios I. The papyrus is considered as an important source for the history, administration and society of Late Period Egypt. In the petition, Peteese tells the story of five generations of his family going back to the early reign of Psametik I. The narrative is structured by several transfers of property rights on the prebends of the high priest of Amun at el-Hibe being the subject of the petition. In this paper, I will focus on how actors mentioned in the petition used private legal documents written on papyrus but also statues and stelae to enforce their claims on these prebends. Furthermore, I will highlight how the specific materiality of these objects influenced the behaviour of the actors. Aim of the paper is to illustrate the practice of documenting legal transactions as a technique to reduce uncertainty regarding the enforcement of legal claims in Late Period Egypt.
5.40: Mélanie Flossmann-Schȕtze (Munich University) The Ptolemaic settlement of the Ibiotapheion at Tuna el-Gebel. Current research of the Joint Mission of Cairo and Munich Universities
Since 1989 the Joint Mission of the Faculty of Archaeology, Cairo University, and the Institute of Egyptology and Coptology, LMU Munich, has been working at the animal necropolis of Tuna el-Gebel and its associated buildings and institutions. Numerous sanctuaries, administrative buildings and at least two or three settlements were attached to the Ibiotapheion, the burial grounds for sacred ibises and baboons. Being the largest animal cemetery in Egypt after Saqqara, the institution of animal cult at Tuna el-Gebel was managed by one or more religious associations. The aim of the project presented in this paper is to reconstruct the living environment and social life of these specific religious associations in the Hermopolites. Their members lived in a settlement beside the Ibiotapheion, characterized by huge tower-houses. Research focuses on the one hand on the material culture of the living quarters, on the other hand textual evidence from the cemetery and settlement allows us to elucidate many aspects of daily life.
6.20: Andrzej Niwinski (Warsaw University) The development of the iconographic repertoire of the 21st Dynasty coffins as new criterion for dating
The 21st Dynasty coffins have a complex iconography. A typology of these objects was proposed 30 years ago (A. Niwiński, 21st Dynasty Coffins from Thebes. Chronological and Typological Studies. = THEBEN V, Mainz 1988) and it is generally still in use. This typology was based on the formal criteria of the decoration and will be re-discussed during this lecture. Five phases of the development of the iconographic repertoire have been distinguished, which follow subsequent sub-periods of the history of the 21st Dynasty, marked out by some important events at Thebes. During this lecture it will be also discussed how the iconographic study of coffins helps the understanding of the phenomenon of the coffin re-use, which is often encountered in the 21st Dynasty.
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