SPH Brown Bag Research Presentation: Citizenship health inequalities across the US: State-level immigrant policies and health care access

Seminar | February 19 | 12-1:30 p.m. | 1102 Berkeley Way West

 Maria-Elena Young, Chancellor's Post-doctoral fellow, University of California, Merced

 Public Health, School of, Department of Demography, Berkeley Interdisciplinary Migration Initiative, Berkeley Center for Social Medicine

In this talk Dr. Young presents findings from two studies that examine how citizenship status and immigrant policies influence inequities in access to health care. Immigrants who lack citizenship are less likely to have health insurance and access to health care compared to citizens. Citizenship status is a form of inequality that is shaped by the policies that determine immigrants’ rights and opportunities and the social environments in which they live. Using a novel, state-level policy data set and individual-level population survey data, I assess the extent to which the differences in insurance and access to care between noncitizens and citizens vary based states’ inclusion or criminalization policies. Results suggest that there may be smaller health care inequities by citizenship in states with a greater number of policies that extend health, social welfare, educational and other rights to noncitizens and greater inequities in states that have more immigration enforcement and surveillance policies.