Wednesday, October 3, 2018
Panel Discussion | October 3 | Richmond Memorial Auditorium, Bermuda Room
2540 Nevin Avenue, Richmond, CA 94804
Food is a basic human right and a major driver of Californias economy. And yet, the current food system produces low wages and hunger, and is a major contributor to climate change and other major environmental issues. Hear your future State Assembly member, Jovanka Beckles or Buffy Wicks, address these important topics at a candidate forum on food in Californias 15th Assembly District. Learn... More >
Miscellaneous | April 25 – December 12, 2018 every Wednesday | Anthony Hall
Graduate Students! Take advantage of the Graduate Student Lounge at Anthony Hall. Study, grade papers, meet with other grad students.
Graduate Students only! However, Anthony Hall can be made available to the entire campus and community for reservations at other times.
Sport - Recreational | October 3 | 9:30-10:30 a.m. | UC Botanical Garden
Experience the Garden in a whole new way as you reconnect with your body and with nature in this 60-minute yoga walk. Through gentle movements, standing poses, and breathing exercises, we will walk through the Garden paths, pause at vistas and groves, and awaken your senses. This class is open to all bodies and led by Eugenia Park, a yoga instructor-Ayurveda wellness counselor, mediator, and dancer.
$20 / $15 UCBG Member / Free for UCB Students, Staff, and Faculty
Presentation | October 3 | 10:30 a.m.-12 p.m. | 1104 Berkeley Way West
Professor Hany Farid, School of Information & Depts. Electrical Engineering and Computer Science UC Berkeley.
Professor Farid will describe a series of experiments that measure observers ability to distinguish the photographic from the computer-generated, simple steps that can be taken to improve observer accuracy, and preliminary studies that attempt to determine how observers are performing this task.
Please ask questions in a respectful manner
Special Event | October 3 | 11 a.m.-3 p.m. | UC Botanical Garden | Canceled
Most plants are rooted in place, which makes dispersing their fruits and seeds particularly important. Discover how plants have adapted to distribute their seeds using wind, water and animals to help the next generation flourish and spread. Meet the hitchhikers, helicopters, parachutes, and boats of the plant world!
Career Fair | October 3 | 11:30 a.m.-2 p.m. | Soda Hall, Freezeway
Join a16z for a Demo Day with Barefoot Networks, Branch, Ciitizen, DeepMap, Descript, Doxel, RapidAPI, Shield.Al, SmartCar, and UnifylD.
This open format gathering will let you connect with portfolio representatives, experience product demos, and have deeper conversations about the companies and their technologies.
Don't forget to bring a copy of your resume!
Lunch will be provided.... More >
Seminar | October 3 | 12-1 p.m. | 106 Stanley Hall
Mary N. Teruel, Stanford University
Mammalian tissue size is maintained by slow replacement of damaged, de-differentiating, and dying cells. For adipocytes, key regulators of glucose and lipid metabolism, the renewal rate is only 10% per year1. Using computational modeling, quantitative mass spectrometry, and single-cell microscopy, we showed that cell-to-cell variability, or noise, in protein abundance acts within a network of... More >
Lecture | October 3 | 12-1:30 p.m. | Berkeley Art Museum and Pacific Film Archive
Join scholar and collector Alan Templeton and Columbia University Mellon Fellow Grace Harpster for an informative perspective on selected works in Old Masters in a New Light, including Juan de Borgoñas Ecce Homo and BAMPFAs magnificent late fifteenth-century tapestry of the same subject.
Harpster specializes in early modern Italian art as well as the Spanish empire and missionary networks.... More >
Workshop | October 3 | 12-1 p.m. | 9 Durant Hall
If you need to write a grant proposal, this workshop is for you! You'll get a headstart on defining your research question, developing a lit review and project plan, presenting your qualifications, and creating a realistic budget.
The workshop is open to all UC Berkeley students (undergraduate, graduate, and visiting scholars) regardless of academic discipline. It will be especially useful for... More >
Performing Arts - Music | October 3 | 12 p.m. | Hertz Concert Hall
Soprano Tan Jing (Jacqueline) performs romantic repertoire. Tan is a well-known Chinese pop singer who is trained in the classical Chinese tradition. She is a visiting scholar at the East Asian Studies.
Continuing its 66th season, the Noon Concert series features the Music Departments varied and diverse performance activities. Inaugurated in 1953, these concerts are very popular and well... More >
Townsend Center's Berkeley Book Chat: Catherine Gallagher: Telling It Like It Wasn’t: The Counterfactual Imagination in History and Fiction
Lecture | October 3 | 12-1 p.m. | Stephens Hall, Geballe Room
Inventing counterfactual historiessuch as a Europe that never threw off Hitler, or a second term for JFKis a common pastime of modern day historians. Gallagher probes how counterfactual history works and to what ends.
Real Estate Research Seminar: Alex Bartik: "Moving Costs and Worker Adjustment to Changes in Labor Demand: Evidence from Longitudinal Census Data"
Seminar | October 3 | 12-1:30 p.m. | C325 Haas School of Business
Alex Bartik, UIUC
Plant and Microbial Biology Seminar: "(Re)programming of cell identity and function in the context of chromatin"
Seminar | October 3 | 12-1 p.m. | 101 Barker Hall
Doris Wagner, University of Pennsylvania
Wagner, who earned her Ph.D. at UC Berkeley, is involved in research regarding the transcriptional regulation of developmental transitions and role of chromatin remodeling in development. The Wagner Lab is interested in understanding, at the molecular level, the complex changes that occur when an organism switches developmental programs. Specifically, they investigate the transition from... More >
Seminar | October 3 | 12-1 p.m. | Valley Life Sciences Building, 3101 VLSB, Grinnell-Miller Library
MVZ Lunch is a graduate level seminar series (IB264) based on current and recent vertebrate research. Professors, graduate students, staff, and visiting researchers present on current and past research projects. The seminar meets every Wednesday from 12- 1pm in the Grinnell-Miller Library. Enter through the MVZ's Main Office, 3101 Valley Life Sciences Building, and please let the receptionist... More >
Panel Discussion | October 3 | 12-1 p.m. | Stephens Hall, Geballe Room, 220 Stephens Hall
Inventing counterfactual histories is a common pastime of modern day historians, both amateur and professional. They speculate about an America ruled by Jefferson Davis, a Europe that never threw off Hitler, or a second term for JFK. In Telling It Like It Wasn't (Chicago, 2018), Catherine Gallagher (English) examines how counterfactual history works and to what ends. Beginning in... More >
Shellfish for the Celestial Empire: A Deep History of the Birth, Collapse, and Future of Abalone Fishing in California
Lecture | October 3 | 12-1 p.m. | 101 2251 College (Archaeological Research Facility)
Todd J. Braje, Irvine Chair of Anthropology and Associate Curator, California Academy of Sciences
In the midst of the California Gold Rush, a small group of enterprising Chinese immigrants recognized untapped resources along our states coast. Freed from both human and sea otter predation for decades, coastal California was teeming with abalone stocks and commercial fishing of several species rose to become a multimillion dollar industry. By the late twentieth century, however, overfishing,... More >
Colloquium | October 3 | 12:10-1:15 p.m. | 1104 Berkeley Way West
Chris Hopwood, Associate Professor, UC Davis
Although the concept of authenticity has been an enduring interest among philosophers, theorists, and psychological scientists, no consensual definition has been achieved. Points of contrast across theories include whether authenticity is a trait or a state, whether it is general or role-specific, the degree to which it encompasses internal experiences and external behaviors, and the extent to... More >
Reformist Revolutions in Malawi: The Role of Reformed Islamic and Christian Congregations in Rural Malawi
Colloquium | October 3 | 12:30-2 p.m. | 223 Moses Hall
Laura Goy, Rosberg Geist Scholarship Recipient, Center for African Studies, UC Berkeley
This is one session in the Fall 2018 African Studies Colloquium series.
Join us for a free, docent-led tour of the Garden as we explore interesting plant species, learn about the vast collection, and see what is currently in bloom. Meet at the Entry Plaza.
Free with Garden admission
Advanced registration not required
Tours may be cancelled without notice.
For day-of inquiries, please call 510-643-2755
For tour questions, please email email@example.com... More >
Seminar | October 3 | 2-3 p.m. | 736 Evans Hall
Yusuf Baris Kartal, MIT
In this introductory talk, we will discuss periodic dynamics on (punctured ) 2-torus, its algebraic incarnations, and its relations to dynamics on elliptic curves. In particular, we will give a geometric picture of how this could be used to distinguish total spaces of fibrations over tori/of analytic fibrations over elliptic curves. We will also try to demonstrate the periodic behavior of "flow... More >
Seminar | October 3 | 3-4 p.m. | 1011 Evans Hall
Santosh Vempala, Georgia Tech
The concentration of Lipschitz functions around their expectation is a classical topic that continues to be very active. We will discuss some recent progress, including:
1- A tight log-Sobolev inequality for isotropic logconcave densities
2- A unified and improved large deviation inequality for convex bodies
3- An extension of the above to Lipschitz functions (generalizing the Euclidean... More >
Coffee Break is a weekly opportunity for UC Berkeley global students to meet and engage with one another in a relaxing environment. Its a chance to enjoy free coffee, share stories about your experiences on campus, and get to know Berkeley International Office advisors. All UCB students are invited. Students are free to talk about anything, but we'll also have weekly discussion topics to... More >
Film - Feature | October 3 | 3:10-4:40 p.m. | Berkeley Art Museum and Pacific Film Archive
Bergman went to a medieval wellspring, a folk song whose simplicity and stark violence he recreated in purely visual terms, for his first collaboration with cinematographer Sven Nykvist. A girl in the bloom of innocent sensuality is raped and murdered. A young boy who has watched his brothers perform the act suffers along with them the terrible revenge of her father (Max von Sydow). Bergmans... More >
Seminar | October 3 | 3:40-5 p.m. | 748 Evans Hall
Joe Stahl, UC Berkeley
We will discuss the construction of $W\Omega _R^\ast $ and the comparison with the de Rham complex.
Seminar 281: International Trade and Finance - The Origins of Firm Heterogeneity: A Production Network Approach: Joint with Stanford
Seminar | October 3 | 4-5:30 p.m. | Stanford University - Landau Economics Building, Room # 351 | Note change in time and location
579 Serra Mall, Stanford, CA 94305
Colloquium | October 3 | 4-5:15 p.m. | Sutardja Dai Hall, Banatao Auditorium
Silvio Micali, Ford Professor of Engineering, M.I.T
We show how Theory of Computation has revolutionized our millenary notion of a proof, revealing its unexpected applications to our new digital world. In particular, we shall demonstrate how interaction can make proofs much easier to verify, dramatically limit the amount of knowledge released, and yield the most secure identification schemes to date.
Seminar | October 3 | 4-5 p.m. | 1011 Evans Hall
Kristian Lum, Human Rights Data Analysis Group
An accurate understanding of the magnitude and dynamics of casualties during a conflict is important for a variety of reasons, including historical memory, retrospective policy analysis, and assigning culpability for human rights violations. However, during times of conflict and their aftermath, collecting a complete or representative sample of casualties can be difficult if not impossible. One... More >
Colloquium | October 3 | 4-6 p.m. | 180 Tan Hall
Moon Jeong Park, Pohang University of Science and Technology
Over the past decades, polymers with tethered ionic groups have been widely investigated as components of electrochemical devices to address the growing demand for clean energy. Despite steadfast efforts to these materials, quantitative understanding of the factors governing the transport properties of these materials is in its infancy. In this talk, I will present the controlled synthesis,... More >
Seminar | October 3 | 4-5 p.m. | 3 Evans Hall
Yusuf Baris Kartal, MIT
One can construct the open symplectic mapping torus \(T_\phi \) for a given a Weinstein manifold \(M\) and a compactly supported symplectomorphism \(\phi \). Its contact boundary is independent of \(\phi \) and is equal to contact boundary of \(T_0\times M\) where \(T_0\) is the torus with a small ball removed. In this talk, we will outline a method to distinguish the fillings \(T_\phi \) and... More >
Seminar | October 3 | 4-5 p.m. | 114 Morgan Hall
Jonathan Long, Stanford
Information Session | October 3 | 4-5:30 p.m. | 5 Haviland Hall
Sara McCarthy, Graduate Admissions Advisor, School of Social Welfare; Cassandra Castillo, Student Services Advisor, School of Social Welfare
These group admissions advising sessions are designed to provide an overview of the admissions process and degree requirements of the MSW program. All MSW Admissions Information Sessions are held in the School of Social Welfare, located in Haviland Hall (Room 5).
Seminar | October 3 | 4-5 p.m. | 891 Evans Hall
Dima Galakhov, UC Berkeley
We propose a categorification of link invariants in Euclidean 3d space associated to a semi-simple Lie algebra, based on category of A-branes in finite dimensional Landau-Ginzburg (LG) models. The category of A-branes in such abstract LG model was constructed recently by Gaiotto, Moore and Witten; its mathematical counterpart is a version of Fukaya-Seidel category. The specific Landau-Ginzburg... More >
ERG Colloquium: Patrick Gonzalez: Anthropogenic Climate Change Severely Exposes United States National Parks
Colloquium | October 3 | 4-5:30 p.m. | 126 Barrows Hall
Anthropogenic Climate Change Severely Exposes United States National Parks, Associate Adjunct Professor, Department of Environmental Science, Policy, and Management, University of California, Berkeley
Anthropogenic climate change is altering ecological and human systems globally, including in United States national parks, which conserve unique biodiversity. Yet, the magnitude and spatial patterns of climate change across all 417 parks have been unknown.
Lecture | October 3 | 4:10 p.m. | International House, Chevron Auditorium
Eugenie Scott will present the Hitchcock lectures on October 3 and 4, 2018. The second lecture is titled "Evolution and Creationism as Science and Myth" and is free and open to the public. No tickets are required.
Center for Computational Biology Seminar: Dr. Quaid Morris, Professor, Donnelly Centre for Cellular and Biomolecular Research, University of Toronto
Seminar | October 3 | 4:30-5:30 p.m. | 101 Life Sciences Addition
Title: Making sense of the noise in cancer data
Presentation | October 3 | 5:30-7 p.m. | 220 Stephens Hall
Douglas Biow, Superior Oil Company-Linward Shivers Centennial Professor in Medieval and Renaissance Studies, UT Austin; Henrike Christiane Lange, Assistant Professor, Italian Studies and History of Art, UC Berkeley
In conversation with Professor Henrike Lange (UC Berkeley, Italian Studies / History of Art), Professor Douglas Biow (UT Austin) will present his new book Vasari's Words: The 'Lives of the Artists' as a History of Ideas in the Italian Renaissance (forthcoming September 2018 from Cambridge University Press). In this new study of Giorgio Vasari's seminal text, Biow connects five key words to the... More >
Information Session | October 3 | 6-8 p.m. | Soda Hall, Wozniak Lounge (430)
Roblox is coming to UC Berkeley! Join us to learn more about Roblox, summer internship opportunities, and meet members of the Roblox team! Snacks and refreshments will be provided.
We're also raffling away great prizes:
- Bose Quiet Comfort Noise Cancelling Wireless Headphones
- Anker Soundcore Bluetooth Speakers
- $100 Visa Gift Cards
For questions, email firstname.lastname@example.org.... More >
Lecture | October 3 | 6-7:30 p.m. | TBA
Ankit Mahadevia, Spero Therapeutics
Ankit Mahadevia, MD is CEO of Spero Therapeutics, a company that is dedicated to bring novel, life improving therapies to patients suffering from multidrug-resistant infections. He will discuss topics that are unique to the antibiotic field and the importance of bringing new therapies to patients while also speaking to the lessons learned from taking companies from development stage to the public... More >
Meeting | January 14, 2015 – December 18, 2019 every Wednesday | 6:15-7:30 p.m. | 3119 Etcheverry Hall
Toastmasters has been the world leader in teaching public speaking since 1924. Meetings are an enjoyable, safe, self-paced course designed to get you up and running as a speaker in only a few months.
Lecture | October 3 | 6:30-8 p.m. | 112 Wurster Hall
WED, OCT 3, 6:30pm. Please join us for a talk about the queer and trans* legacy of the work of Gordon Matta-Clark and the concept of anarchitecture to contemporary queer and trans* projects, aesthetic and activist. Open to all!
Film - Documentary | October 3 | 7-9 p.m. | 405 Moffitt Undergraduate Library
Movies @ Moffitt is the student-to-student monthly documentary spotlight and viewing. M@M is free.
What's it about?...
An immersive and enthralling journey through the Sonoran Desert on the U.S.-Mexico border, EL MAR LA MAR weaves together harrowing oral histories from the area with hand-processed 16mm images of flora, fauna and items left behind by travelers. Subjects speak of intense,... More >
Must have a UCB student ID for entrance.
Film - Feature | October 3 | 7-8:15 p.m. | Berkeley Art Museum and Pacific Film Archive
A gender-obliterating funfest unleashed by the cantankerous cross-dressing Cockettes, the legendary Luminous Procuress brazenly recounts the mystical passage of two lissome hippie lads who enter a strange mansion where a magic potion promises glimpses of a transformational realm. Led by the mystical Procuress (the ever-sculptural Pandora), the two naïfs are privy to a delirious vision of... More >
Film - Feature | October 3 | 7 p.m. | Kroeber Hall, 160 (Location to be confirmed. Please check clas.berkeley.edu for details)
Zama, an officer of the Spanish Crown born in colonial South America, hopes for a letter from the King granting him a transfer from the town where he is stagnating to a better place. As he waits, he is forced to submissively accept every task entrusted to him by a succession of Governors. When Zama realizes everything is lost, he joins a party of soldiers to pursue a dangerous bandit.
Exhibits and Ongoing Events
Exhibit - Multimedia | August 29 – October 21, 2018 every day | 210 Wurster Hall
ON VIEW: AUG 29-OCT 21. Works of He Jingtang over the past three decades and their profound reflections on place, culture, time, and future urban development. Free and open to all!
Exhibit - Painting | September 10 – December 14, 2018 every Monday, Tuesday, Wednesday, Thursday & Friday | Stephens Hall, Townsend Center for the Humanities
Kara Maria's "cheerfully apocalyptic" paintings engage with a host of political issues, including war and environmental destruction. On display at the Townsend Center for the Humanities Sept 10 - Dec 14, 2018.
Exhibit - Artifacts | October 13, 2017 – May 30, 2019 every Monday, Tuesday, Wednesday, Thursday, Friday & Saturday | Bancroft Library, Rowell Cases, near Heyns Reading Room, 2nd floor corridor between The Bancroft Library and Doe
Let there be laughter! This exhibition features Cal students cartoons, jokes, and satire from throughout the years, selected from their humor magazines and other publications.
Immigration, Deportation and Citizenship, 1908-2018: Selected Resources from the IGS and Ethnic Studies Libraries
Exhibit - Artifacts | August 31 – December 10, 2018 every day | Moses Hall, IGS Library - 109 Moses
"Immigration, Deportation and Citizenship, 1908-2018: Selected Resources from the IGS and Ethnic Studies Libraries" contains items from the Ethnic Studies Library and the Institute of Governmental Studies Library addressing historical attitudes and policy around immigration, deportation, and citizens' rights, as well as monographs and ephemera relating to current events.
Exhibit - Multimedia | September 5 – December 31, 2018 every day | Moffitt Undergraduate Library, 3rd Floor near Elevators
The new Moffitt Library exhibit explores the themes and antecedents of The Handmaids Tale, this years On the Same Page program selection. On exhibit are library materials and quotes that demonstrate that not only were we wrong to say it cant happen here - it has already happened, all over the world: Berlin, Nazi Germany, Argentina, and yes, here in the US.
UC Berkeley ID required for entrance to Moffitt Library.
Exhibit - Multimedia | September 11 – November 16, 2018 every day | Richmond Art Center (2540 Barrett Ave, Richmond, CA)
ON VIEW: SEPT 11-NOV 16 @ the Richmond Art Center. The exhibition, co-curated by Professors Michael Dear & Ronald Rael, explores representations of the US-Mexico ‘borderlands’ in contemporary art. Free & open to all!
Exhibit - Artifacts | September 17, 2018 – February 28, 2019 every day | Doe Library, Bernice Layne Brown Gallery
Art for the Asking: 60 Years of the Graphic Arts Loan Collection at the Morrison Library will be up in Doe Librarys Brown Gallery until March 1st, 2019. This exhibition celebrates 60 years of the Graphic Arts Loan Collection, and includes prints in the collection that have not been seen in 20 years, as well as prints that are now owned by the Berkeley Art Museum. There are also cases dedicated... More >
Exhibit - Painting | October 3, 2018 – May 26, 2019 every day | Berkeley Art Museum and Pacific Film Archive
Featuring works by internationally renowned contemporary Tibetan artists alongside rare historical pieces, this exhibition highlights the ways these artists explore the infinite possibilities of visual forms to reflect their transcultural, multilingual, and translocal lives. Though living and working in different geographical areasLhasa, Dharamsala, Kathmandu, New York, and the Bay Areathe... More >
Exhibit - Painting | August 15, 2018 – March 3, 2019 every day | Berkeley Art Museum and Pacific Film Archive
The 1960s architectural phenomenon Supergraphicsa mix of Swiss Modernism and West Coast Popwas pioneered by San Franciscobased artist, graphic and landscape designer, and writer Barbara Stauffacher Solomon. Stauffacher Solomon, a UC Berkeley alumna, is creating new Supergraphics for BAMPFAs Art Wall. Land(e)scape 2018 is the fifth in a series of temporary, site-specific works commissioned for... More >
Exhibit - Painting | September 19 – December 16, 2018 every day | Berkeley Art Museum and Pacific Film Archive
Since 1872, the University of California, Berkeley has been collecting works by European artists, building a collection that includes many rare and exceptional works distinguished by artistic innovation, emotional and psychological depth, and technical virtuosity. Consisting mostly of gifts from professors, alumni, and other supporters, the collection continues to evolve, representing artistic... More >
Exhibit - Artifacts | April 16, 2018 – February 28, 2019 every Monday, Tuesday, Wednesday, Thursday & Friday | 8 a.m.-5 p.m. | Bancroft Library, 2nd Floor Corridor
This exhibition celebrates the University of Californias sesquicentennial anniversary with photographs, correspondence, publications, and other documentation drawn from the University Archives and The Bancroft Library collections. It features an array of golden bears, including Oski, and explores the illustrious history of UC Berkeley.
Exhibit - Multimedia | March 10 – December 9, 2018 every Sunday, Wednesday, Thursday, Friday & Saturday | 11 a.m.-5 p.m. | Hearst Museum of Anthropology | Note change in date
For this Spring 2018 exhibit, entitled Face to Face: Looking at Objects that Look at You, the Hearst staff and 14 UC Berkeley freshmen have co-curated a global selection of objects that depict human faces in different ways. The exhibit asks: Why and how do crafting traditions of the world so often incorporate human faces, and how do people respond to those faces? Objects such as West African... More >
Exhibit - Artifacts | August 28 – December 14, 2018 every Tuesday, Wednesday, Thursday & Friday | 11 a.m.-4 p.m. | Magnes Collection of Jewish Art and Life (2121 Allston Way)
The Karaite Canon highlights a selection from the over fifty manuscripts he brought to California, along with ritual objects belonging to Cairos Karaite community.
Exhibit - Multimedia | August 28 – December 14, 2018 every Tuesday, Wednesday, Thursday & Friday | 11 a.m.-4 p.m. | Magnes Collection of Jewish Art and Life (2121 Allston Way)
Auditorium installation of high-resolution images of select collection items.
Acquired by The Magnes Collection of Jewish Art and Life in 2017 thanks to an unprecedented gift from Taube Philanthropies, the most significant collection of works by Arthur Szyk (Łódź, Poland, 1894 New Canaan, Connecticut, 1951) is now available to the world in a public institution for the first time as... More >
Exhibit - Multimedia | August 28 – December 14, 2018 every Tuesday, Wednesday, Thursday & Friday | 11 a.m.-4 p.m. | Magnes Collection of Jewish Art and Life (2121 Allston Way)
This exhibition will be continuing in Spring 2019.
Notions of resistance, alongside fears and realities of oppression, resound throughout Jewish history. As a minority, Jews express their political aspirations, ideals of heroism, and yearnings of retaliation and redemption in their rituals, art, and everyday life.
Centering on coins in The Magnes Collection, this exhibition explores how... More >
Exhibit - Photography | August 28 – December 14, 2018 every Tuesday, Wednesday, Thursday & Friday | 11 a.m.-4:05 p.m. | Magnes Collection of Jewish Art and Life (2121 Allston Way)
For nearly two decades, Yaakov (Jacob) Benor-Kalter (1897-1969) traversed the Old City of Jerusalem, documenting renowned historical monuments, ambiguous subjects in familiar alleyways, and scores of new Jews building a new homeland. Benor-Kalters photographs smoothly oscillate between two worlds, and two Holy Lands, with one lens.
After immigrating from Poland to the British Mandate of... More >